Department of Mechanical Engineering
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7
- B.A.Sc., Queen's University, 2003
M.Sc., University of Western Ontario, 2005
Ph.D., University of Western Ontario (Biomechanical Engineering), 2009
Specific Research Activities
My research interests are in human biomechanics and biomedical engineering, with a focus on:
- Definition of bone fracture limits and injury tolerances
- Surrogates for biomechanical research, including synthetic bones
- Finite element modelling of bone’s response to loading
- Design of artificial joint replacement and fracture fixation systems
My work in injury biomechanics endeavours to quantify the effect of impact loading on the human body. The goal of this work is to define tolerance limits for bones, and to develop appropriate injury criteria. I am interested in characterizing the effect of factors such as strain rate, angle of load application, gender, age, and protective wear on fracture tolerance. The goal of this work is to establish a more comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence injury risk, for the purpose of improving current safety limits.
A further interest of mine is the evaluation of engineered surrogates for their potential to replace cadaveric specimens for orthopaedic research. These include synthetic bones, which have great appeal in their ease of use and low inter-specimen variability, but need to be validated under both quasi-static and dynamic loading to ensure they appropriately represent the human response. Another device requiring validation is the Anthropomorphic Test Device, the current standard for evaluating injury risk. Relationships between outputs from this device and the corresponding risk of injury need to be established for it to be an appropriate tool for safety assessments.
Finite element analysis (FEA) is a useful tool for assessing injury risk through simulation of various types of loads based on CT scans of bones. Experimental tests can be simulated for both injurious and non-injurious conditions, and through refinement of the properties of the model it can be optimized to represent the natural bone response. These models can then be used for a broad range of injury-prediction analyses, as well as clinically for patient-specific models to evaluate the risk of fracture as the result of trauma such as falls.
My previous research in orthopaedic devices has examined design aspects of joint replacement systems to evaluate their influence on the loading experienced by the host bone after insertion. The goal of this work is to enhance fixation and load transfer of these devices to improve their long-term success. I am also interested in evaluating and improving fracture fixation devices to investigate how optimal healing can be achieved.
- Muizelaar A, Winemaker MJ, Quenneville CE, Wohl GR. A novel bilateral plating technique for treating periprosthetic fractures of the distal femur. Clinical Biomechanics, in revision, CLBI-D-13-00158.
- Burkhart TA, Quenneville CE, Dunning CE, Andrews DM. Development and validation of a distal radius finite element model to simulate impact loading indicative of a forward fall. Proceedings of the IMechE Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, in press (accepted in final form Dec. 2013).
- Quenneville CE and Dunning CE. (2012) Evaluation of the Biofidelity of the HIII and MIL-Lx Lower Leg Surrogates Under Axial Impact Loading. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13(1):81-85.
- Quenneville CE and Dunning CE. (2011) Evaluation of Energy Attenuating Floor Mats for Protection of Lower Limbs From Anti-Vehicular Landmines. Journal of Battlefield Technology, 14(3), Article 14-3-1.
- Quenneville CE and Dunning CE. (2011) Development of a Finite Element Model of the Tibia for Short-Duration High-Force Axial Impact Loading. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 14(2):205-12.
- Quenneville CE, McLachlin SD, Greeley GS, Dunning CE. (2011) Injury tolerance criteria for short-duration axial impulse loading of the isolated tibia. Journal of Trauma; 70(1):E13-E18.
- Quenneville CE, Greeley GS, Dunning CE. (2010) Evaluation of synthetic composite tibias for fracture testing using impact loads. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine; 224(10):1195-9.
- Quenneville CE, Fraser GS, Dunning CE. (2010) Development of an apparatus to produce fractures from short-duration high-impulse loading with an application in the lower leg. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering; 132(1):014502.
- Quenneville CE, Austman RL, King GJ, Johnson JA, Dunning CE. (2008) Role of an anterior flange on cortical strains through the distal humerus after total elbow arthroplasty with a Latitude implant. Journal of Hand Surgery; 33(6):927-31.
- Austman RL, Quenneville CE, Beaton BJ, King GJ, Gordon KD, Dunning CE. (2008) Development of a testing methodology to quantify bone load transfer patterns for multiple stemmed implants in a single bone with an application in the distal ulna. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering; 130(2):024502.
- Austman RL, Beaton BJ, Quenneville CE, King GJ, Gordon KD, Dunning CE. (2007) The effect of distal ulnar implant stem material and length on bone strains. Journal of Hand Surgery; 32(6):848-54.
- Dunham CE, Takaki SE, Johnson JA, Dunning CE. (2005) Mechanical properties of cancellous bone of the distal humerus. Clinical Biomechanics; 20(8):834-8.